Archipelagos’ Terrestrial Conservation Team is monitoring aquatic bird populations in the small wetlands of Samos island. A large number of rare and protected bird species find shelter here, as this area consists of ideal wintering, feeding and breeding grounds. Wetlands are particularly important in the spring and autumn migration period. The small, brackish wetlands of the Pythagorio area (picture), are characterized by high biodiversity but also have a historical significance. An attentive visitor can observe many species among the wetland vegetation. Despite the protection status of these small but important ecosystems, laws do not adequately cover their protection, thus, they are constantly burdened by anthropogenic interventions such as the dumping of debris and hunting.